Employment discrimination occurs if a person has experienced unwarranted disadvantages because of his or her personal features, such as gender and race. Discrimination occurs both in the hiring process and in the work environment. The hiring process may be compromised because of discrimination, such as not wanting to hire an applicant because of personal features. The work environment can be compromised in the aspect of promotions, mistreatments, and terminations.

According to the website of Cary Kane, LLP, it is illegal for employers to engage in employment discrimination because of an employee’s race, color, gender, national origin, ethnic identity, and religion. This just proves that the law knows the negative effects of discrimination in society.

Retaliation
This is one of the most common forms of discrimination. This manifests itself as fear of getting fired, demoted, or receiving any kind of negative consequence for complaining against an employer. Employees have rights to complain, especially if they have ethical or moral concerns about the employers. In these cases, threats such as termination are therefore discriminatory.

Sex
This kind of discrimination occurs if an employer treats an employee differently just because of the employee’s sex and gender preference. This can also manifest in the hiring process, where employers may have the tendency to prefer one gender over the other. Issues concerning sexual harassment and pregnancy can also count as sex discrimination.

Race and Color
Employers should not consider race, color, national origin, ethnic identity, and other similar aspects of a person when it comes to hiring processes, compensation offers, scheduling of shifts, assigning of tasks, and other important factors in the work environment. Harassment that is focused on such aspects are also considered discriminatory.

Age
Employees must have equal benefits, despite their disparities in terms of age. In the hiring process, age preferences, age brackets for internships, and other age-related methods are also considered discriminatory. Age discrimination is not exclusive for the young, as even the old can face age discrimination, like when they are not hired because they may be too old even though they are fully qualified for the job.

Other Forms of Discrimination
Above are just some of the most common forms of discrimination in the workplace, but there are subtler forms, such as those that involve unequal pay despite equal efforts and accomplishments, preference toward more physically-abled employees, and bias against those who have disabilities or limitations.

In a moral perspective, employment should be based on qualification alone, and not on personal features, especially features that employees have no control over, like gender, race, and age.